इस लेख का हिन्दी संस्करण पढ़ने के लिए यहां क्लिक करें।
Vibrant India’s history is very deep and its art forms are very dynamic. Since ages, various art forms survived and got a distinct mark in everyone’s eyes and heart. Today, I want to bring your attention to the ‘Madhubani Art – A Traditional Art-form”. It is a special class of art, a unique expression of thoughts, and the ability to attract various classes of people to have a wonderful experience. Nowadays Madhubani Art is very lucrative and attracts all classes of societies. Madhubani art is originally from Northern India and spread across the Bihar/Nepal border area of India.
Heritage of Indian “The Madhubani Art”
Madhubani (Mithila) paintings are basically a village art. Widely practiced by village women and so many generations helped to keep this art alive in today’s world. The region of Mithila is known for its famous personalities “Buddha”, “Mahavir“, if we touch the history of millions of years then the association of Sita (Ramayan) also brings a lot of attention towards this zone too. Sita was born here in Mithila. A Madhubani Art has a history of about 2500+ years old. This Indian art form has received a fresh life booster in the last 2-3 decades as the Government of India is taking the initiative to promote this art form at the world level.
This Madhubani traditional artform is more inclined towards Indian mythology and pretty much near to earth. Most of the artwork comprised of Mythological figures Buddha, Mahaveer, Sita, and various events of life like birth, marriage, changes in life, etc. also presented with different colors.
Different variants of “The Madhubani Art”
Traditionally “Madhubani Art” linked with the symbols of mythological, ethnic themes, and rural life. The core part of most paintings is worship, love, firmness, devotion, and fertility. The approach of presentation may vary with respect to the style of art, the essence of Madhubani Art remains intact. In rural life, it is common to find scenes of courtship and marriages. Also symbols of fertility and prosperity like fish, parrot, elephant, turtle, sun, moon, bamboo tree, lotus, etc. in prominence.
Different Styles of Madhubani Art-
Bharni (Shading) – Bharni (shading) uses shades of bright, vibrant, and solid colors to fill the picture, all outlines remain in dark black to give a soothing effect of the painting.
Kachni (hatching) – It is an own kind painting where figures filled with delicate fine lines without using so many colors.
Tantric – Tantric painting is purely mythological and represents manifestations of Maha Kali, Maha Durga, Maha Saraswati, Maha Lakshmi, and Maha Ganesh along with other Tantric symbols.
Godna – In Tatoo, or Godhna painting body art motifs have been adapted into painting. Religious symbols, especially those with talismanic powers, geometric designs, nature motifs and fortuitous symbols like the swastika are popular.
Kohbar – To get almighty God blessings, there is a ritual to paint the God figures at walls especially during the wedding time. It has great significance during the wedding or other important social events.
Madhubani art styles were impacted by the Indian caste system.
Unfortunately, The Bharni, Kachni, and Tantrik styles were liked with the caste system associated with the ‘upper caste’. Their themes were also religious and depicted Gods and Goddesses, plants, and animals in their paintings. On the other hand, people of lower castes included aspects of their daily life and symbols, the story of Raja Shailesh [guard of the village], and much more, in their paintings. As a result of globalization, now styles are uniform and people adapted without any caste.
How to Learn Madhubani Art?
Nowadays there are a lot of learning opportunities available. When going for formal education then a lot of FINE-ART courses are covering Madhubani Art-from. For the informal course, you can try various art sessions over Youtube. Here are the links of some online sessions available at youtube.com:
- DRAW EASY MADHUBANI PAINTING. | MITHILA PAINTING
- Madhubani/Mithila Painting Tutorial | Indian Folk Painting
- Madhubani painting with artist Trivenika
With best wishes,